Types Of Weight Loss Surgeries

Weight loss is a necessity for most of the people these days and hence a fair amount of medical weight loss programs have been established. Doctors weight clinic are set up to help obese people to lose weight either by physical activities or by weight loss surgeries.

Know about Weight loss surgeries

Weight loss surgeries are a fast way of losing weight because of two factors. First is that they restrict the amount of food that goes inside the stomach. Second, the way of malabsorption, where the small intestine is bypassed to reduce the number of calories that are absorbed.

There are many different types of weight loss surgeries. Listed below are some of them.

  1. Roux-en -Y Gastric Bypass

This process is also known as gastric bypass. This process is done in many doctors weight clinic and is a derivative of malabsorption. The process involves in a creation of a small pouch on top of the stomach. The pouch is usually 30 millimeter and one ounce in volume and the only part of the stomach that receives food. The goal of this that it limits the amount of the food intake you have at one time according to surgeons and medical weight loss program experts.

Next, the small intestine is divided into two portions; the upper portion and the lower portion for the best weight loss results. The lower portion is connected to the newly created pouch which allows the food to travel directly into the intestine. The main stomach however will produce its digestive juices which reattached at the bottom side of the intestine. The food will now bypasses the small intestine, resulting in the absorption of less nutrients and fats.

Adjustable Gastric Banding

This surgery is a type of restrictive weight loss program.  Adjustable Gastric Banding surgery is also called the band. The surgery is done by squeezing a small part of the upper stomach via inflatable band. The upper and lower section (usually larger than the upper) are connected through a small channel. The small upper part results in the patient feeling full after eating minimal food. The small channel makes the upper pouch to empty slowly resulting in less hunger and want for food. This operation is safer and easier to do than the gastric bypass and recovery is usually faster, but the food intake has to be of soft and well chewed food.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Another form of restrictive weight loss program done in doctors weight clinic. This process involves in the removal of a large part of stomach. About 75% of the stomach is removed from the body and the remaining is converted into a sleeve like tube. The smaller stomach results in less food consumption and storage in the stomach. Also, less hunger is initiated, and appetite is reduced and thus, calories consumption along with blood sugar is reduced. Sleeve gastrectomy is the common and the first step in weight loss surgeries and has the same result as gastric bypassing in regard to weight loss.

Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding

This is a form of gastric banding where the band is replaced with an inflatable balloon and is placed on the upper part of the stomach creating a pouch above the band. A very narrow passage is created to the rest of the stomach. The inflatable balloon can be inflated or deflated to adjust the size of the band. A port is created under the abdomen which is connected. It works just as the normal banding as it restricts the amount of food going into the main stomach. The only difference is that it doesn’t restrict any calories or nutrients that are absorbed to the body.

Biliopancreatic Diversion with Abdominal Switch

This surgery is also abbreviated as BPD/DS. Same with sleeve gastrectomy, a large part of your stomach is removed and the valve that connects the stomach to small intestine is left. A duodenal switch is connected in the lower part of the intestine and the middle of small intestine is closed out. The upper part of the intestine is reattached to the end where all the pancreatic digestive juices are flown into this part. This doesn’t restrict all of the calories and nutrient consumption but limits it.

Different weight loss doctor clinic have different approaches as to what would be the best for you according to your weight. Aforementioned are some of the many types of weight loss surgeries.

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